More than 21 million Americans have osteoarthritis. Approximately 2.1 million Americans suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.
The causes of arthritis depend on the form of arthritis. Causes include injury (leading to degenerative arthritis), abnormal metabolism (such as gout and pseudogout), infections (as in the arthritis of Lyme disease), inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis), and an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus). Treatment programs, when possible, are often directed toward the precise result of the arthritis.
And even more..
There are over a hundred types of arthritis known, one more severe than another. The primary forms of arthritis range of osteoarthritis, septic arthritis, gout, pseudo gout, and rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Still's disease with enclosing spondylitis. Secondary forms are combined with other diseases and complications. Ranging from Ehlers-Dandles syndrome, reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, Lyme disease, hepatitis, hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis, rheumatoid purport Wegener's granulomatosis, and inflammatory bowel disease.
If joint pain, swelling, stiffness, redness, loss of motion or deformity occurs, medical evaluation by a health-care professional is warranted. Even minor joint symptoms that persist unexplained for over one week should be evaluated. It is essential that patients have an early evaluation as it is obvious that this can both prevent damage and disability as well as make optimal treatment easier, for many forms of arthritis.
Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is a sphere of the body where two bones meet. A joint functions to allow motion of the body parts it connects. Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or several joints. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain. Joint pain is referred to as arthralgia.
Arthritis is classified as either of the rheumatic diseases. These are conditions that are different individual illnesses, with differing features, treatments, prognosis, and complications. They are similar in that they tend to affect the joints, muscles, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments, and many have the ability to affect internal body areas as well.
Arthritis is a health condition that is described by inflammatory processes in joints and symptoms of pain and stiffness associated with them. There are different forms of arthritis. This may differ in the affected area, severity of symptoms and the real causes behind the condition. And when it comes to relieving painful sensations associated with arthritis, the actual management depends not only against the type of arthritis the individual is affected with, but other factors as well: age, sex, lifestyle, individual tolerance to different pain relief techniques.
There are two main forms of arthritis: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Combined, they affect over 40 million people only in the United States.
There are many forms of arthritis (over 100 have been described so far. The number is growing). The forms range from those pertaining to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis) to those associated with inflammation as a consequence of an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis). Together, the many forms of arthritis make up the more common chronic illness in the United States.
Most people have heard of some types of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, gout, fibromyalgia, or rheumatoid arthritis as they tend to become the most common forms. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most frequent form of arthritis and is an inflammatory type. This type of arthritis is an inflammation of the linings of joints and affects the hands and wrists and the ankles and feet as well as other joints like the knees, hips, elbows and shoulders. There can often be signs of redness, swelling, pain, and heat with rheumatoid arthritis.
When there is a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis it means that white blood cells including what are known as T cells and B cells, along with macrophages, polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and certain lymphocytes are over active. This is what causes the inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis is also an autoimmune disease, meaning the immune system is attacking other areas of the body.
Mild pain relievers such as aspirin and acetaminophen (Tylenol) may be sufficient treatment, for many patients with arthritis. Studies have shown that acetaminophen given in adequate doses can often be equally as effective as prescription anti-inflammatory medications in relieving pain in osteoarthritis.
Since acetaminophen has fewer gastrointestinal side effects than NSAIDS, especially among elderly patients, acetaminophen is often the preferred initial drug given to patients with osteoarthritis. Pain-relieving creams applied to the skin over the joints can provide relief of minor arthritis pain. Examples include capsaicin, methyl salicylate, menthol, and salycin.
Arthritis sufferers include men and women, children and adults. Approximately 350 million people worldwide have arthritis. Over 40 million people in the United States are affected by arthritis, including over a quarter million children! More than half of people with arthritis are under 65 years of age. Nearly 60% of Americans with arthritis are women.
Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Inflammation of the joints from arthritis is characterised by joint stiffness, swelling, warmth, and redness. Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present. Loss of range of motion and deformity can result. Certain forms of arthritis can also be linked with pain and inflammation of tendons surrounding joints.
Some forms of arthritis are more of an annoyance than a serious medical problem. However, millions of people suffer daily with pain and disability from arthritis or its complications.
Moreover, many of the forms of arthritis, because they're rheumatic diseases, can cause symptoms affecting various bodies within the body that don't directly involve the joints. Therefore, symptoms in some patients with certain forms of arthritis can also include fever, gland swelling, weight loss, feeling unwell, fatigue, and even symptoms from abnormalities of organs as the lungs, heart, or kidneys.
The treatment of arthritis depends on which specific form of arthritis is present, its location, persistence, severity, and any underlying background medical terms of the patient. Each treatment programme must be customized for the individual patient.
Treatment programs can incorporate home remedies, joint injections, nonprescription and prescription medications, and surgical operations. Some treatment programs involve weight reduction and avoiding activities that exert excessive emphasis on the joint. The goal of treatment of arthritis is to reduce joint pain and inflammation while preventing damage and improving and maintaining joint function.
Not every person with arthritis requires medical attention. Some patients with osteoarthritis have little or no pain and may only need treatment, for example. However, for those with persisting joint symptoms, the ideal steps to take should result in a proper diagnosis and an optimum long-term treatment plan. This plan must be customized for each individual affected, based on the joints involved and the seriousness of symptoms.
Surgery is generally reserved for those patients with arthritis that is particularly severe and unresponsive to the conservative treatments. Surgical procedures can be carried out to relieve pain, improve function, and correct deformity. Occasionally, joint tissue is surgically removed for the purpose of biopsy and diagnosis. Doctors who specialize in joint surgery are orthopedic surgeons.
Currently, prevention of arthritis focuses on avoiding joint injury and early diagnosis and treatment. Research clearly demonstrates that early diagnosis and treatment can give rise to less damage, disability, deformity, and even mortality in rheumatoid disease.
Additionally, maintaining overall good health and strength with exercise and good nutrition can be useful in preventing joint disease.