The symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) include both obsession and compulsions. It is a form of mental illness under which the person gets unreasonable thought. To get rid of these thoughts the person performs the same task again and again. If these behavior or thoughts aren't executed then there is an anxious feeling of incompleteness. Some of the behavior are normal everyday things, for example washing ones hands, stoves, or checking doors, and a number of the things can be unusual, like counting to ten, counting while waiting for someone, hoarding money, or other things. These symptoms may vary from mild to severe. Treatment consists of antidepressants (Prozac or Zoloft for instance) and some kinds of behavior therapy that are designed to help stop the behavior.
It is an anxiety disorder that causes obsessions. These are irrational thoughts that the patient is not able to get rid of. Compulsions are usually the actions that relate to the obsessional thoughts. One example might be, thinking continuously that' My hands are full of germs ', and therefore washing them over and over because one isn't able to obtain the thought outside of the mind. The symptoms cause a great deal of stress, and sometimes so much embarrassment that the person isn't comfortable to apply for professional guidance. The patient often tries to hide these obsessions and compulsions to ensure that their friends will not think they're weird.
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OCD is the nature of anxiety disorder. This results to obsessions that are often unreasonable thoughts that a person with such disorder cannot remove from his mind. Compulsions are actions linked to the obsessive thoughts I.e. constant washing of the hands as a result of the thought that it's full of germs. This occurs because an OC person cannot get rid of the thought of the hands being full of germs. Oftentimes, people with OCD encounter embarrassing situations this is the reason why they're scared to undergo treatment and they also keep the symptoms of their disorder from friends because they're afraid of being seen as odd.
While medical researchers have not been in a position to find exactly what causes OCD, family history is deemed to be the contributing factor in this condition. Often it is present in more than one family member, signifying that it might be genetic. Other studies link it to chemical imbalance in several different parts of the brain.
The cause of OCD has still remained unknown. However, some studies conducted suggest that OCD can be genetic since there can be greater than one family member with such disorder. Some also say that it is the result of chemical imbalance located in various regions of the brain.
Obsessions are involuntary, recurring, undesirable thoughts that frequent the patient's mind so much that, certain must be taken in order to eliminate or reduce the distressing thought. These obsessions are mostly concerning example, repeated doubts, sexual thoughts, aggressive feelings and thoughts, the need to be clean, and the need to be extremely orderly and neat. Compulsions are actions that a patient feels the need to perform because they're unable to let the doubts go even after all the proof is there that the doubt isn't needed. Some of the outcome of these compulsions may be seen, irritated hands from washing repeatedly, extreme reactions to otherwise normal situations such as slight messiness in a room.
The OC person has obsessions that are involuntary, repeating and unsought thoughts that make them anxious resulting to actions like washing hands needs to be provided to lessen the thought. OC person's obsession usually includes the need to be extremely clean and orderly, aggressive feelings, repeated doubts, and sexual thoughts. The compulsions of an OC person is anchored to actions that needs to be done repeatedly, cleanliness and constant reassurance. Irritated hands caused by too much washing just and intense reaction on little clutter in the house are some of the results of compulsions.
Medical treatment should be sought if there comes a time when either the compulsions, the obsessions, or both have severe impact on the patients' life or those around him. Embarrassment is common in this condition, however, with the aid of a cognitive behavior therapy the condition may be treated. Children may not always know when they're obsessing more than they should, so of course it depends to the parents to see whether treatment is required for them.
CBT is a form of therapy, the theme of which is behavior modification. This treatment or therapy helps the patient to neglect the obsessions and compulsions. Behavior therapy is time consuming and requires great commitment on the part of the patient but the affects of this therapy are in the vast majority of cases long lasting and, naturally, free of side effects.
There is no specific way of doing behavior therapy. Each behavior therapy is different for each patient depending on his or her compulsions and obsessions. The patient needs to pay visits to the doctor regularly.
Those who don't believe in medication claim that drugs causes no significant affect on the patient. Drugs are addictive in some cases and not a long-term solution. That is why patients who suffer from OCD should be treated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. This has been proven to cure OCD.
The actions performed in order to monitor the distress aren't realistically linked to the problem.
Treatment includes medication, psychotherapy, or a mixture of both. The treatment may not cure the condition, but might help in bringing the symptoms under control.
A counselor will perform all the necessary tests to diagnose the sometimes complicated emotional state. He might check for red, irritated hands that are caused by constant washing. In addition, he may inquire about feelings, the thoughts, and behavior patterns of the person.
Cognitive behavior therapy is extremely beneficial for the treatment of this condition. In this therapy the counselor teaches the patient how to respond to the condition in different manner. He teaches the patient different ways of thought, behaving, and reacting to the situation. A type of this therapy is exposure and response prevention therapy. In this therapy the person is exposed to the circumstances which induces the compulsive action. Then the counselor teaches him how to resist the urge to do the same action.
Antianxiety medication is also prescribed to treat this condition, however, this medication generally takes nearly three months to demonstrate to the desired results. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are the most frequent drugs used to treat OCD. Serotonin is the chemical which found in the brain which carries the message from one neuron to other. These drugs block the transmission of the signals thereby preventing the repetitive actions. The drugs that are widely used are Zoloft, Prozac, Paxil, and Anafranil.
This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and shouldn't be utilized as a replacement for the guidance of a mental health expert.